Lesson 7
Maryanna Pryvit, Dzhone! Hi, John
John Pryvit, Marianno! Hi, Maryanna
Shcho ty robysh sohodni? What are you doing today?
Maryanna Sohodni ya chytayu knyhu. A ty? Today, I am reading a book. And you?
John Sohodni, ya pidu do universytetu. Today, I will go to the university.
Tam ya vchu ukrayinsku movu. There I study Ukrainian language.
Maryanna Ty xodysh do universytetu kozhen den? Do you go to the university every day?
John Tak. Kozhen den mayu uroky. Yes, every day, I have lessons.
Maryanna Tviy universytet daleko vid tsentru? Is your university far from the center?
John Ni, miy universytet duzhe blyzko do tsentru. No, my university is very close to the center.

Grammar Notes

Ukrainian differs from English in how the future tense is formed. There is no exact equivalent to the English word [will] to express the future. To express that an action will be performed in the future, special verbs called "perfective verbs" are used to express that an action will be performed in the future.

ya pidu do universytetu. means [I will go to university]. In this sentence, the perfective verb pidu means [will go].

In contrast to perfective verbs there are also imperfective verbs that express that an action is performed regularly. Consider the following sentence,

Ty xodysh do universytetu kozhen den?

In this sentence, the imperfective verb xodysh means [go] in the sense of [go regularly] or [go multiple times].